Guide Commentary on Gabriel Marcels the Mystery of Being (Marquette Studies in Philosophy, No 46)

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Meyer is faith-ful and literal in dealing with the Roman poets as well as withpassages from Scripture and with Augustine. With his own con-temporaries he is much less so. In the notes references toSpinozas Theologico tractatus-politicus and Tr actatus politicusare abbreviated respectively as TTP and TP, followed by chapterand paragraph number e. References to the Ethi-ca E and the Principia philosophiae cartesianae PPC followstandard conventions for internal references: e.

The French translation of Philosophia S. Scripturae Inter-pres by Lagree and Moreau has been most useful despite sometypographical faults and incompleteness of references, andthanks are due as well to Pierre-Francois Moreau for his corre-spondence with us on various manuscript and textual problems.

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Bordolis commentary Ragione e Scrittura tra Descartes eSpinoza has been a constant source of notes, corrections, and in-formation on Meyers contemporary sources. Finally, the unpub-lished doctoral dissertation by Thomas McGahan Cartesianismin the Netherlands, provides a wealth of additionalinformation and historical background, though the treatment ofMeyer is minimal.


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Completion of work on the manuscript and on many textu-al problems during the summer of was made possible by aSummer Research Grant from Marquette Universitys Committeeon Research, to whose members special thanks are due. Individu-al contributions and support have come from many. Piet Steen-bakkers Faculteit der Wijsbegeerte, University of Utrecht pro-vided assistance in securing photocopies of the various editions,as well as a wealth of suggestions.

Jacob Adler University ofArkansas provided bibliographical and textual assistance. Fa-ther Roland Teske, S. John Jones, chair of Marquettes Philosophy Department,provided a Research Assistant during the spring of ; and toJuliana Martonffy are due thanks for her work in proofreadingand attending to matters of consistency in format and style. Fortheir longsuffering and assistance during the period of finalmanuscript preparation under UNIX troff , personal thanks arealso due to John Jenders and Daryl Debroux.

The first edition of Philosophia S. According to Thijssen-Schoute , , the work was widely recognised as that of Lodewijk Mey-er, then a physician in Amsterdam and formerly a poet, play-wright, and student at the University of Leiden. A Dutchedition appeared in , and new Latin editions in and Evidence for the staying power of the PSSI and the contro-versies which surrounded it is found in the fact that it underwenta fourth edition, long after Meyers death, in While Meyer is presently known primarily for his relation-ship with Spinoza,3 he had achieved a measure of independentrenown in his own time.

His edition of a dictionary of the Dutchlanguage was one of a number of seventeenth-century efforts toexplicitate and partially formalise the elements of Dutch gram-mar. He served on several occasions as the director of the Ams-. Meyer was enrolled at the University of Leiden as early as , andreceived degrees in philosophy and in medicine in His doctoral dis-sertation in the former appears in English translation in our edition ofSpinozas Principles of Cartesian Philosophy and Metaphysical Thoughts Indianapolis: Hackett, He published both poetry and his ownplays prior to See Appendix 6 for the known chronology.

See our edition of Spinozas Letters Indianapolis: Hackett, , esp. Finally, he was one of the co-founders of the literary society, Nil Volentibus arduum. He died in , at the age of fifty-one, four years af-ter the death of Spinoza, of whose Opera Postuma he wasalso the principal editor. Meyer was Lutheran by confession, though the PSSI con-tains references to a wide diversity of both protestant andcatholic authors.

The diversity of religious sects in the Hollandof his time see Appendix 3 made Holland, and especially Ams-terdam and Leiden, the intellectual and religious centre of scrip-tural exegesis and a variety of traditions which argued for a newconception of both the Bible and the method by which it was tobe interpreted. At least four major currents or traditions ofprotestant thought can be distinguished. The first, and earliest, ofthese can be labelled as humanism. It is characterised by its em-phasis upon a return to the texts in their original languages He-brew and Greek and an emphasis upon isolating the sensus gen-uinus or authentic historical sense of the scriptural texts.

Thisphilological approach was one of the principal forces whichcame to undermine a fundamental thesis of the protestant Re-formers: the claim that Scripture is clear in its own right and isits own interpreter. A second tradition, that of protestant scholasticism, isfound in the works of P. Martyr Vermigli and Zanchi.

In place ofthe claim that Scripture is wholly clear, these authors argue forthe presence of loci communes, a series of central passageswhose cumulative clarity is such that it can provide the means bywhich other and less clear passages of Scripture may be under-stood. The criterion for the interpretation of Scripture in this tra-. A third exegetical tradition, the school of Saumur, datingfrom the beginning of the seventeenth century, was distinguishedby its methodological rigour and rationalism. Chamier was in continuous correspondence withthe theologians of Saumur, one of whose principal goals was,like that of Meyer in the PSSI, to provide a new and fully ratio-nal basis of scriptural exegesis which could provide the basis fora reunion of Christendom.

A fourth and final tradition was that of an emergent carte-sian exegetical method, sharing with the school of Saumur anemphasis upon the sole use of reason as the basis for interpreta-tion. This tradition deserves to be characterised as a schoolev en less than the three aforementioned approaches. Ecclesiasti-cal condemnations of the works of Descartes were relativelycommonplace in seventeenth century Holland, as elsewhere, andprotestant theologians tended to view the doctrine of clear anddistinct ideas as fundamentally inimical to their tradition and theReformed faith.

While Descartes himself had eschewed any ef-fort to adapt his method to matters of faith or scriptural exegesis,the augustinian elements of his philosophy, emphasised byMersenne in his own time, had been developed later by theologi-cally minded philosophers such as Ambrosius Victor, BernardLamy, and Poisson,6 and it was from these authors that latercartesians were to draw both inspiration and precedent in theirefforts to extend or unify the cartesian method.

In his Prologue to the PSSI, Meyer carefully positionshimself with respect to the ongoing disputes concerning the in-terpretation of Scripture.


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He compares the current state of these. See Lagree and Moreau , See Gouhier , esp. Thegoal of the PSSI is to disqualify utterly the various norms of in-terpretation proposed by these traditions, and to do this by mar-shalling th Post on Dec views.

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Category: Documents 5 download. Tallon, Scriptural Refutation of the Reformed Position Marquette UniversityMilwaukee, Wisconsin Introduction 1. He served on several occasions as the director of the Ams- 1. Taylor war zu Gast an der American Academy in Berlin. Kaufmann, Andrew. Notre Dame University Press, Caldwell, Roger. IWMVienna, May 17, Charles Taylor is Professor em.

Marcel and Phenomenology: Can Literature Help Philosophy?

Er gilt als einer der angesehensten Vertreter der Sozialphilosophie wie der politischen Philosophie in der Gegenwart. English, Greek. Neubauer Collegium, Apr 9, Quick To Listen. June 27, Gert Scobel. Luke Nuriev, Apr 14, James K. Southeastern Seminary, Mar 26, Professor Taylor explains that what often seems to be the position of the individual alone is actually a position that has, at least in part, come about as the result of the larger group or community to which the individual belongs.

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Professor Taylor explains that Hegel saw human beings as intrinsically rational, which he linked very closely to freedom. In fact, Professor Taylor says, Hegel defined reason very much as Kant did--namely, that one is free when one, as a rational being, is controlling one's own life. In Hegel's view, the highest purpose in life is being part of the process that brings about the fullest realization of freedom and reason. It was Aristotle who originated the concept of politics as a moral activity, a means by which people can act together not because they are ordered to do so, but because collective actions emerge from common moral, reasoned deliberation.

He notes that much of modern philosophy is concerned with blurring the rigid line between the two, in recognition of the middle ground between them. Professor Taylor talks about the modern perspective of the self, which he describes as being two kinds of internal, self-examination that are very much at odds. This first of these consists of taking the things that we desire and making them over in a rational form.

The second aspect of the modern self argues against the first approach, looking instead for a new means by which to express what we truly want and desire. He discusses the paramount importance of recognition, by which he means acceptance for what you are by people that really matter. An example in childhood, Professor Taylor explains, would be one's parents. It was from Locke that what Professor Taylor calls the "punctual self" that's seen in the modern world first emerged.

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This is the concept of the self that is not defined by any particular substantive desires, tendencies or beliefs, but by the idea that one has the power to makes one's self over by "careful examination. Rather, we discover who we are by how we're received, accepted, and not accepted by others. He adds that two examples of reductive theories are behaviorism and what he terms "the computer model.

It studies both living and working, and the accidental interactions that may occur from shared space.